Turkish Sultan Selim

Soon the coffee because of the ability to shoot drowsiness was popular among the Sufis. Under most conditions Howard Schultz would agree. Then a new culture came from Yemen to Mecca and Medina, and later in major cities such as Cairo, Damascus, Baghdad and Istanbul, which in 1554 opened the first coffee house. Originally, however, the drink was not adopted very friendly – in 1511 the theological court in Mecca provoked conservative views of imams, has forbidden the use of coffee, referring to its stimulating properties. However, since the drink became more popular, in 1524 this order was reversed Turkish Sultan Selim the First. A similar ban was adopted in Cairo, where in 1532 the order was given to dissolve all the coffee and free coffee warehouses. In the late 11th century, coffee drinking was prohibited by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, because the drink was considered a true Muslim, but in the second half of the 19th century, the ratio of coffee to be mitigated, since the local emperor Menilek was a great lover this drink, and between 1880 and 1886 years the volume of coffee drunk significantly increased.

The first European in the works is mentioned coffee, was a German botanist Leonhard Rauwolfia, in his work also included observations of other European travelers. Of the Ottoman Empire, coffee fell to Italy, aided by an active trade between Venice and Egypt, resulting in the European market was a lot of goods from Africa. Originally traders were selling coffee only to wealthy citizens, allowing them to charge high prices. Later coffee drink was considered unfit for consumption in the post, so its popularity has increased dramatically, and this decision was Pope Clement the Seventh adopted in 1600, despite the entreaties of coffee ban in principle. In 1645, Venice opened the first European coffee house. According to Leonhard Rauwolfia, coffee was brought to England no later than the 16th century, largely thanks to the efforts of British and companies. The first British coffee house was opened in Cornhill, whose owner was the subject of Daniel Edwards, a merchant of goods from Turkey, and Coffee Shop in Oxford opened in 1654, still exists. By 1675 across England there were already more than 3,000 such establishments. Coffee houses quickly became popular in Europe and later in America, and the women there are usually not allowed.